Lucky Foods for the New Year: Traditional Foods That Bring Good Luck, Fortune and Longevity

Herring is a traditional New Year dish in my German family

As my family welcomed in the New Year, I always knew there would be two things on the table - pickled herring and rye bread. As a kid, I'd pinch my nose and take the obligatory bite while my grandfather told me how delicious it was, and my parents laughed in the background.

This tradition was passed down from my grandfather's father who immigrated to the United States from Germany, where herring is considered good luck and invites bounty and abundance in the New Year.

Welcoming the New Year with food is important to nearly every culture - all generally wishing for the same happiness, success, and longevity.

As you stock your table for your New Year’s Party, consider adding one of these cultural delights to the spread.

Black Eyed Peas symbolize prosperity in the American South


Across a number of cultures beans represent prosperity. Hopping John, a savoury blend of rice and black-eyed peas, served with Collard Greens is a tradition in the American South. The green of the collard greens represents dollar bills and the black eyed peas represent coins in plenty. Some even make sure to eat 365 peas, representing a coin for each day of the year. In Italy, it’s common to eat Sausage and Green Lentils. In Brazil, their first dish often includes lentils, as well. In Japan, they eat Kuromame, black soy beans representing good luck and health.

Whole fish in China symbolizes a good year from start to end


Fish on the table often represents abundance. Whether it’s because fish produce plenty of eggs during reproduction, or the symbol of fish in a net represents good luck… there’s one thing that’s for sure - seafood is an important part of the New Year’s table in many countries. Germans and Polish have herring and carp, Japanese have prawns, herring roe, and sardines. In China, whole fish are served representing head to tail - or a good year from start to end.

Long noodles represent long life in many Asian cultures

Long Noodles

Noodles are also an important symbol in several countries, Japan and China notably. The longer the noodle the better - but whatever you do, don’t cut the noodles! Long noodles represent long life (if they’re cut, well… you get the point).

Pork is a common New Year's tradition representing progress and happiness


The pig, is well - a pig. They are happy, rotund, having a whole pig years ago represented good eating, and they ‘root forward’ when finding food which symbolizes progress. Whether it’s sausage (popular choices in Italy and Germany), a whole suckling pig (popular in Spain, Portugal and Hungary), or ham hock in collard greens popular in the American South, one thing is for sure - pork on a New Year’s table is considered very lucky in many places of the world.

Grapes in Spain are believed to represent how each month of your next year will go


We love this tradition. It started in Spain, where they eat twelve grapes, one for each number on the clock. This tradition then spread to Spanish and Portuguese regions where grapes now represent each month of the year. They even say that each grape’s taste represents how that particular month will go… A sweet grape will result in an extra special month. If your second grape is sour it might mean hardships in February. So, pick your grapes well!

The Pomegranate tradition in Greece is messy, but super fun


This tradition is a bit messy, but we love it none the less. In Greece, housewives hang a pomegranate outside their front door. At the strike of midnight welcoming in the New Year - they smash the pomegranate against the door. Tradition has it, the more seeds that fall on the floor, the better fortune that will be had in the New Year.

Hide a treat in a ring cake, and perhaps you'll have a full year of good fortune

Cakes with Hidden Treats

A number of countries eat cake, often a ring shaped cake on New Years Day. These cakes have something (an almond, a coin or other treats) baked into the batter. In Greece, a coin is hidden in Vasilopia. Mexico’s cake, Rosca de Reyes, hides a number of different treats. Once the cake is cut, the person who has the piece with the hidden treat is bound to have a wonderful year.


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